Amniotic Stem Cell Injection
The advancements in stem cell therapies available in the United States are already groundbreaking, and the potential is limitless. But when such good news comes fast, it can be difficult for many people to keep up and sort truth from fiction. This is especially true regarding the pros and cons of amniotic stem cells, bone marrow stem cells, and adipose-derived stem cells (stem cells from fat). Each has its place in stem cell research and therapy. But which one is the best real-world therapy choice?
Why Choose Amniotic Stem Cells?
The National Stem Cell Institute (NSI) is one of the nation’s premiere regenerative medicine clinics. So the physicians and medical professionals on staff know a thing or two about the subject. In this article, NSI dispels myths and uncovers facts about bone marrow, adipose-derived, and amniotic stem cell therapy and how they apply to procedures that address diseases as varied as arthritis, diabetes, COPD, and autoimmune conditions and injuries like those of the spinal cord, hip, or knee.
Dispelling The Myths About Using Amniotic Stem Cells
First, Some Stem Cell Basics
Stem cells are a type of cell known as an “undifferentiated” cell. This means that these stem cells, whether adipose, bone marrow, or amniotic cells, are able to differentiate into specialized types. Stem cells are little packets of potential that are capable of becoming whatever type of cell is needed to repair damage caused to the body by disease or injury.
One of the most common myths about stem cells is that they exist only in the fetus. With the exception of amniotic stem cells, stem cells are actually with us throughout our lives and can be harvested from various areas of the body that store them. Bone marrow stem cells are stored in bone marrow, adipose stem cells are stored in the fatty layer of tissue that lies just beneath the skin, and amniotic stem cells are stored in amniotic fluid.
Using Amniotic Fluid in Stem Cell Therapy
The cells used in amniotic stem cell therapy are obtained from the amniotic fluid that fills the protective sac that surrounds a fetus. It forms about the first few weeks after conception and remains until birth. When birthing begins, the amniotic sac bursts. You may have heard this referred to as the mother’s “water” breaking.
A Closer Look at Amniotic Stem Cells
Amniotic stem cells are “multi-potent,” which means they can become a variety of tissues such as skin, cartilage, cardiac tissue, nerves, muscle, or bone. Amniotic cells are generally harvested from the umbilical cord after the mother gives birth. In the earlier days of stem cell research, amniotic cells were used to test their viability for repairing tissues and organs damaged by trauma, disease, or aging.
But the above qualities have now long been known to exist abundantly in stem cells from fat, platelet rich plasma (PRP), and bone marrow stem cells as well. When you consider that stem cells derived from adipose fat or bone marrow- as well as the anti-inflammatory and healing agents of PRP- can be directly harvested from the patient seeking therapy.
Who's a Candidate for Adipose Stem Cell Therapies?
Adipose stem cell therapy can help relieve pain and speed up healing following a number of procedures; it is ideal for patients who are suffering from:
- Osteoarthritis and other joint disorders
- Soft tissue, ligament, or cartilage damage
- Achilles tears and strains that are not responding to other therapies
- Epicondylitis and other related conditions
- Muscle pulls and strains
- Nerve pinching and injuries
- Tears and injuries to any of the body’s tendons or ligaments
- Sacroiliac pain due to bone or tissue damage or nerve disruption
- Joint pain of the back, shoulders, arms, hands, legs, knees, or feet
- Injuries due to overuse or overextension of the joints
- Rotator cuff injuries and similar injuries
- Improved healing following surgery or wound care therapy
- Hip, shoulder, knee, neck, back, and leg pain
- Many other life-changing applications throughout the body
A Closer Look at Adipose Fat Stem Cells
Adipose tissue is the layer of fat that lies just beneath the skin. Just like bone marrow and amniotic stem cells, adipose-derived stem cells are multi-potent. Adipose-derived stem cells are the type of stem cells used most in U.S. regenerative medicine clinics. This is because adipose fat stores these cells in great abundance. They are also considered to be more potent than most other stem cell types.
The ease of harvesting compared to bone marrow and amniotic stem cells ushered in an explosion of therapy development. A small sample of adipose fat taken from the patient can be done virtually painlessly during an outpatient procedure.
Evidence provided in the last 5 years reveals the therapeutic potential of adipose-derived stem cells for healing human diseases. Stem cells from fat represent a novel class of multipotent stem cells that can differentiate into virtually any body tissue in order to heal the damage of disease or injury.
These characteristics, together with the absence of ethical issues concerning their employment, make adipose-derived stem cells ideal for stem cell therapy. With ongoing research and continued study and investigation, our ability to tap into these powerhouse cells will only grow and open the door to even better therapies.
A Closer Look at Bone Marrow Stem Cells
In rare cases where adipose-derived stem cells may not be the ideal choice, bone marrow stem cells are by far the preferred alternative, and for good reason. Like amniotic stem cells, bone marrow stem cells are multipotent. As the name suggests, these stem cells are produced inside bone marrow. Unlike amniotic cells, bone marrow stem cells continue to be produced throughout our lives.
Bone marrow stem cells were first used in 1968 to successfully treat two siblings with severe combined immunodeficiency. They came into even more practical use through dental procedures. But it wasn’t until bone marrow stem cell therapy became widely used in professional sports medicine that it began to be developed for a wide array of illnesses, injuries, and disorders.
Concerns Surrounding Amniotic Fluid Stem Cell Therapy
NSI may use may use amniotic and cord blood product in conjunction with both options. Using the latest harvesting methods significantly reduces discomfort and shortens the procedure time.
The physicians and staff of the National Stem Cell Institute are always happy to help with any questions you may have about stem cells and how they are changing the face of medicine. We have perfected the therapies we offer, and we are broadening our therapy options in addressing diseases, illnesses, and conditions in order to help even more people get back to the life they remember!
Contact us today to learn more about how stem cell therapy can help you!